Int J Med Inform - Clinical modeling--a critical analysis.

Tópicos

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{ import(1318) role(1303) understand(862) }
{ visual(1396) interact(850) tool(830) }
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{ imag(1947) propos(1133) code(1026) }
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{ model(2220) cell(1177) simul(1124) }
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{ age(1611) year(1155) adult(843) }
{ signal(2180) analysi(812) frequenc(800) }
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{ group(2977) signific(1463) compar(1072) }
{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ gene(2352) biolog(1181) express(1162) }
{ data(3008) multipl(1320) sourc(1022) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(981) present(881) function(850) }
{ analysi(2126) use(1163) compon(1037) }
{ health(1844) social(1437) communiti(874) }
{ structur(1116) can(940) graph(676) }
{ cancer(2502) breast(956) screen(824) }
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{ implement(1333) system(1263) develop(1122) }
{ survey(1388) particip(1329) question(1065) }
{ estim(2440) model(1874) function(577) }
{ decis(3086) make(1611) patient(1517) }
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{ method(2212) result(1239) propos(1039) }
{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

CKGROUND: Modeling clinical processes (and their informational representation) is a prerequisite for optimally enabling and supporting high quality and safe care through information and communication technology and meaningful use of gathered information.OBJECTIVES: The paper investigates existing approaches to clinical modeling, thereby systematically analyzing the underlying principles, the consistency with and the integration opportunity to other existing or emerging projects, as well as the correctness of representing the reality of health and health services.METHODS: The analysis is performed using an architectural framework for modeling real-world systems. In addition, fundamental work on the representation of facts, relations, and processes in the clinical domain by ontologies is applied, thereby including the integration of advanced methodologies such as translational and system medicine.RESULTS: The paper demonstrates fundamental weaknesses and different maturity as well as evolutionary potential in the approaches considered. It offers a development process starting with the business domain and its ontologies, continuing with the Reference Model-Open Distributed Processing (RM-ODP) related conceptual models in the ICT ontology space, the information and the computational view, and concluding with the implementation details represented as engineering and technology view, respectively.CONCLUSION: The existing approaches reflect at different levels the clinical domain, put the main focus on different phases of the development process instead of first establishing the real business process representation and therefore enable quite differently and partially limitedly the domain experts' involvement.

Resumo Limpo

ckground model clinic process inform represent prerequisit optim enabl support high qualiti safe care inform communic technolog meaning use gather informationobject paper investig exist approach clinic model therebi systemat analyz under principl consist integr opportun exist emerg project well correct repres realiti health health servicesmethod analysi perform use architectur framework model realworld system addit fundament work represent fact relat process clinic domain ontolog appli therebi includ integr advanc methodolog translat system medicineresult paper demonstr fundament weak differ matur well evolutionari potenti approach consid offer develop process start busi domain ontolog continu refer modelopen distribut process rmodp relat conceptu model ict ontolog space inform comput view conclud implement detail repres engin technolog view respectivelyconclus exist approach reflect differ level clinic domain put main focus differ phase develop process instead first establish real busi process represent therefor enabl quit differ partial limit domain expert involv

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