Int J Med Inform - Implementation and expansion of an electronic medical record for HIV care and treatment in Haiti: an assessment of system use and the impact of large-scale disruptions.

Tópicos

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Resumo

RPOSE: System use is a key criterion of success in an electronic medical record (EMR) implementation, and there is little research on long-term use of systems following implementation. The aim of the paper was to describe the development, implementation and use of iSant?, Haiti's national HIV care and treatment EMR.METHODS: To build a picture of the history of iSant?, we interviewed 11 staff involved with the development and implementation of the EMR, and reviewed organization records. Data entry and report use were ascertained by querying the central patient database.RESULTS: By the end of 2010 there were 67 sites with iSant? installed, and the scope of the system had been expanded to include primary care and obstetrics and gynecology. New functionality includes data forms specific to subpopulations, the ability to transfer patient records among clinics, and integration with an electronic laboratory system. We observed fluctuations in use over time, with substantial reductions in the number of active sites during times of large-scale disruptions in Haiti. A surge in report use following the January 2010 earthquake suggests that clinics found the EMR to be a valuable source of data during the recovery phase.CONCLUSION: There is real potential for EMRs in developing countries to improve clinical practice and make data available for efficient reporting, quality improvement and other population health uses. An approach of continuous system improvement, combined with regular assessments of use, is necessary for achieving an effective, national implementation of a standardized EMR. We have achieved successes in terms of rolling out new functionality and expanding to new sites, but more work remains to be done to improve perceptions of data quality and increase use of population data for accurate and timely reporting.

Resumo Limpo

rpose system use key criterion success electron medic record emr implement littl research longterm use system follow implement aim paper describ develop implement use isant haiti nation hiv care treatment emrmethod build pictur histori isant interview staff involv develop implement emr review organ record data entri report use ascertain queri central patient databaseresult end site isant instal scope system expand includ primari care obstetr gynecolog new function includ data form specif subpopul abil transfer patient record among clinic integr electron laboratori system observ fluctuat use time substanti reduct number activ site time largescal disrupt haiti surg report use follow januari earthquak suggest clinic found emr valuabl sourc data recoveri phaseconclus real potenti emr develop countri improv clinic practic make data avail effici report qualiti improv popul health use approach continu system improv combin regular assess use necessari achiev effect nation implement standard emr achiev success term roll new function expand new site work remain done improv percept data qualiti increas use popul data accur time report

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