Int J Med Inform - Dynamic modeling of patient and physician eye gaze to understand the effects of electronic health records on doctor-patient communication and attention.

Tópicos

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Resumo

JECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine eye gaze patterns between patients and physicians while electronic health records were used to support patient care.BACKGROUND: Eye gaze provides an indication of physician attention to patient, patient/physician interaction, and physician behaviors such as searching for information and documenting information.METHODS: A field study was conducted where 100 patient visits were observed and video recorded in a primary care clinic. Videos were then coded for gaze behaviors where patients' and physicians' gaze at each other and artifacts such as electronic health records were coded using a pre-established objective coding scheme. Gaze data were then analyzed using lag sequential methods.RESULTS: Results showed that there are several eye gaze patterns significantly dependent to each other. All doctor-initiated gaze patterns were followed by patient gaze patterns. Some patient-initiated gaze patterns were also followed by doctor gaze patterns significantly unlike the findings in previous studies. Health information technology appears to contribute to some of the new significant patterns that have emerged. Differences were also found in gaze patterns related to technology that differ from patterns identified in studies with paper charts. Several sequences related to patient-doctor-technology were also significant. Electronic health records affect the patient-physician eye contact dynamic differently than paper charts.CONCLUSION: This study identified several patterns of patient-physician interaction with electronic health record systems. Consistent with previous studies, physician initiated gaze is an important driver of the interactions between patient and physician and patient and technology.

Resumo Limpo

jectiv aim studi examin eye gaze pattern patient physician electron health record use support patient carebackground eye gaze provid indic physician attent patient patientphysician interact physician behavior search inform document informationmethod field studi conduct patient visit observ video record primari care clinic video code gaze behavior patient physician gaze artifact electron health record code use preestablish object code scheme gaze data analyz use lag sequenti methodsresult result show sever eye gaze pattern signific depend doctoriniti gaze pattern follow patient gaze pattern patientiniti gaze pattern also follow doctor gaze pattern signific unlik find previous studi health inform technolog appear contribut new signific pattern emerg differ also found gaze pattern relat technolog differ pattern identifi studi paper chart sever sequenc relat patientdoctortechnolog also signific electron health record affect patientphysician eye contact dynam differ paper chartsconclus studi identifi sever pattern patientphysician interact electron health record system consist previous studi physician initi gaze import driver interact patient physician patient technolog

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