J Am Med Inform Assoc - Effects of clinical decision-support systems on practitioner performance and patient outcomes: a synthesis of high-quality systematic review findings.

Tópicos

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Resumo

JECTIVE: To synthesize the literature on clinical decision-support systems' (CDSS) impact on healthcare practitioner performance and patient outcomes.DESIGN: Literature search on Medline, Embase, Inspec, Cinahl, Cochrane/Dare and analysis of high-quality systematic reviews (SRs) on CDSS in hospital settings. Two-stage inclusion procedure: (1) selection of publications on predefined inclusion criteria; (2) independent methodological assessment of preincluded SRs by the 11-item measurement tool, AMSTAR. Inclusion of SRs with AMSTAR score 9 or above. SRs were thereafter rated on level of evidence. Each stage was performed by two independent reviewers.RESULTS: 17 out of 35 preincluded SRs were of high methodological quality and further analyzed. Evidence that CDSS significantly impacted practitioner performance was found in 52 out of 91 unique studies of the 16 SRs examining this effect (57%). Only 25 out of 82 unique studies of the 16 SRs reported evidence that CDSS positively impacted patient outcomes (30%).CONCLUSIONS: Few studies have found any benefits on patient outcomes, though many of these have been too small in sample size or too short in time to reveal clinically important effects. There is significant evidence that CDSS can positively impact healthcare providers' performance with drug ordering and preventive care reminder systems as most clear examples. These outcomes may be explained by the fact that these types of CDSS require a minimum of patient data that are largely available before the advice is (to be) generated: at the time clinicians make the decisions.

Resumo Limpo

jectiv synthes literatur clinic decisionsupport system cdss impact healthcar practition perform patient outcomesdesign literatur search medlin embas inspec cinahl cochranedar analysi highqual systemat review srs cdss hospit set twostag inclus procedur select public predefin inclus criteria independ methodolog assess preinclud srs item measur tool amstar inclus srs amstar score srs thereaft rate level evid stage perform two independ reviewersresult preinclud srs high methodolog qualiti analyz evid cdss signific impact practition perform found uniqu studi srs examin effect uniqu studi srs report evid cdss posit impact patient outcom conclus studi found benefit patient outcom though mani small sampl size short time reveal clinic import effect signific evid cdss can posit impact healthcar provid perform drug order prevent care remind system clear exampl outcom may explain fact type cdss requir minimum patient data larg avail advic generat time clinician make decis

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