J Am Med Inform Assoc - A hybrid system for temporal information extraction from clinical text.

Tópicos

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{ sampl(1606) size(1419) use(1276) }
{ time(1939) patient(1703) rate(768) }
{ patient(1821) servic(1111) care(1106) }
{ can(774) often(719) complex(702) }
{ featur(3375) classif(2383) classifi(1994) }
{ data(1714) softwar(1251) tool(1186) }
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{ detect(2391) sensit(1101) algorithm(908) }

Resumo

JECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive temporal information extraction system that can identify events, temporal expressions, and their temporal relations in clinical text. This project was part of the 2012 i2b2 clinical natural language processing (NLP) challenge on temporal information extraction.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2012 i2b2 NLP challenge organizers manually annotated 310 clinic notes according to a defined annotation guideline: a training set of 190 notes and a test set of 120 notes. All participating systems were developed on the training set and evaluated on the test set. Our system consists of three modules: event extraction, temporal expression extraction, and temporal relation (also called Temporal Link, or 'TLink') extraction. The TLink extraction module contains three individual classifiers for TLinks: (1) between events and section times, (2) within a sentence, and (3) across different sentences. The performance of our system was evaluated using scripts provided by the i2b2 organizers. Primary measures were micro-averaged Precision, Recall, and F-measure.RESULTS: Our system was among the top ranked. It achieved F-measures of 0.8659 for temporal expression extraction (ranked fourth), 0.6278 for end-to-end TLink track (ranked first), and 0.6932 for TLink-only track (ranked first) in the challenge. We subsequently investigated different strategies for TLink extraction, and were able to marginally improve performance with an F-measure of 0.6943 for TLink-only track.

Resumo Limpo

jectiv develop comprehens tempor inform extract system can identifi event tempor express tempor relat clinic text project part ib clinic natur languag process nlp challeng tempor inform extractionmateri method ib nlp challeng organ manual annot clinic note accord defin annot guidelin train set note test set note particip system develop train set evalu test set system consist three modul event extract tempor express extract tempor relat also call tempor link tlink extract tlink extract modul contain three individu classifi tlink event section time within sentenc across differ sentenc perform system evalu use script provid ib organ primari measur microaverag precis recal fmeasureresult system among top rank achiev fmeasur tempor express extract rank fourth endtoend tlink track rank first tlinkon track rank first challeng subsequ investig differ strategi tlink extract abl margin improv perform fmeasur tlinkon track

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